Today, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) account for less than 3% of the countries institutions of higher learning; with only 107 still in operation. Majority of these colleges and universities were established after the American Civil War by abolitionist white missionaries with intent to educate the African American community.
In 1965, The Higher Education Act was passed recognizing HBCUs as primary learning facilities for blacks within the United States. Due to the heavy segregation laws in the south during this era, HBCU’s became more prevalent in the southern states than up north.
HBCU’s are also the alma maters of many great historical black figures in US. History, including Martin Luther King Jr., Langston Hughes and Spike Lee, just to name a few.
As racial segregation began to dissipate so did the percentage of blacks enrolled in HBCUs; African Americans began diversifying their college selections. However, HBCU’s such as Howard, Lincoln and Spelman, have still maintain their prestige amongst the rest.
written by: racqui